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Chemical Treatment: Control of Black Powder in Gas and Condensate Pipelines

Published: February 01, 2019
Author(s): Saleh Al-Sulaiman, Youssef Khuraibut, Sundip Kuthe, and Shady Hassan, Kuwait Oil Co., Almadi, Kuwait

Black powder is an unwanted entity in high-pressure fuel and gas pipelines. When found, the Kuwait Oil Co. decided to investigate the problem, forming a task force to analyze the root cause of the powder formation and to control this phenomenon. Chemical...

Journal article from Materials Performance, Volume 58, No. 2, February 2019 (NACE International)

Materials Selection and Design: Equipment, Materials, and Corrosion in the Biodiesel Industry

Published: February 01, 2019
Author(s): M. Coronado, G. Montero, C. García, M. Schorr, and B. Valdez, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Instituto de Ingeniería, Mexicali, Baja California, México A. Eliezer, Sami Shamoon College of Engineering, Corrosion Research Center, Beer-Sheva, Israel

Biodiesel production is being promoted and developed as a sustainable and eco-friendly fuel as part of current efforts to mitigate climate change and to reduce the dependency on fossil fuels. Biodiesel is widely produced worldwide, and is a green alternative to...

Journal article from Materials Performance, Volume 58, No. 2, February 2019 (NACE International)

Chemical Treatment: Phorgotten Phenomena: Preventing Internal Corrosion in Oil and Gas Field Pipelines

Published: February 01, 2019
Author(s): Tata L.N. Murthy, GSPC, Ltd., Andhra Pradesh, India

Oil and gas exploration and production involve a wide variety of infrastructure. Among those are pipelines, which are used for crude oil, natural gas, and injection water transportation. Constructing these pipelines are costly and time-consuming projects. In...

Journal article from Materials Performance, Volume 58, No. 2, February 2019 (NACE International)

Corrosion Management: Pipeline Failure Investigation: Is it MIC?

Published: February 01, 2019
Author(s): Richard B. Eckert, DNV GL USA, Inc., Commerce Township, Michigan, USA Torben Lund Skovhus, VIA University College, Horsens, Denmark

The investigation of pipeline corrosion failures, including those caused by microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC), requires multiple lines of evidence to identify causative mechanisms and contributing factors. The types of evidence needed for the corrosion...

Journal article from Materials Performance, Volume 58, No. 2, February 2019 (NACE International)

Corrosion Management: Probability of Pipeline Failure Caused by External Corrosion

Published: February 01, 2019
Author(s): R. Olalde, Metallurgic Engineering Department, School of Chemistry, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Ciudad Universitaria, Mexico City, Mexico

The probability of failure (PoF) of pipelines caused by external corrosion is a function of three variables: exposure, mitigation, and resistance. Two primary exposure variables of a buried pipeline are soil resistivity and pH. In this work, the PoF caused by...

Journal article from Materials Performance, Volume 58, No. 2, February 2019 (NACE International)

NACE Standard TM0105-2018 Test Method: Evaluation of Organic-Based Conductive Coatings for Use as an Anode on Atmospherically Exposed Reinforced Concrete (NACE International)

Published: January 31, 2019

This standard provides a test method to evaluate coatings containing conductive carbon pigmentation for use as an anode on atmospherically exposed reinforced concrete.

Standard from NACE Standards (NACE International)

SP0407-2018 Standard Practice: Format, Content, and Guidelines for Developing a Materials Selection Diagram

Published: January 31, 2019

This standard practice provides format, content, and guidelines for developing a materials selection diagram (MSD). A MSD documents the materials selection of new equipment and piping for the refinery, process chemical, power, and other industries. The scope...

Standard from NACE Standards (NACE International)

NACE SP0111-2019 Coating Technical File in Accordance with the IMO Performance Standard for Protective Coatings

Published: January 31, 2019

The coating technical file (CTF) contains documentation relevant to the selection, specification, installation, and inspection of coatings applied to a ship's seawater ballast tanks and double-skin spaces. It also contains documentation of in-service maintenance...

Standard from NACE Standards (NACE International)

NACE SP0170-2018 Standard Practice: Protection of Austenitic Stainless Steels and Other Austenitic Alloys from Polythionic Acid Stress Corrosion Cracking During a Shutdown of Refinery Equipment

Published: January 31, 2019

Examines varying procedures used by industry to protect austenitic stainless steel equipment while idle. Basic protection methods include nitrogen purging, alkaline wash solutions, and dry air purging. Protection of reactors is also addressed.

Standard from NACE Standards (NACE International)

SP0308-2018, Inspection Methods for Corrosion Evaluation of Conventionally Reinforced Concrete Structures

Published: January 31, 2019

This NACE International standard practice provides testing procedures and investigative techniques for the evaluation of conventionally reinforced concrete structures. The investigation and evaluation techniques described in this standard focus on degrada

Standard from NACE Standards (NACE International)